Henna also known as lawsonia inermis is an abortifacient herb which induces abortion. Medicinal plants have been used to cure a number of diseases. Screening of medicinal plants for antibacterial activity organic extracts ethanol, petroleum ether and chloroform of two medicinal plants lawsonia inermis l. The use of lawsonia inermis extracts is of great significance as.
When henna is a small and immature plant, it has low dye content and is spineless. Lawsonia inermis lythraceae commonly known as hennais a wellknown plant used in the indian medicine. The mehndi plant adds nutrition to the hair and clears dandruff. Learn more about henna uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain henna. The world is endowed with a rich heritage of medicinal plants. Antidermatophytic activity of some traditionally used medicinal plants of north karnataka region. Antifungal activity of the algerian lawsonia inermis henna.
Antibacterial activity of lawsonia inermis linn henna. Lawsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and the egyptian privet, is a flowering plant and the sole species of the genus lawsonia. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region an infusion of the leaves is mixed with tobacco and salt and used as a mouthwash. Pdf plants play a major role on the earth and human beings depend on plants because of their medicinal properties. It is mainly used as a hair dye, based on the staining properties of. Henna medicinal benefits and geological distribution.
Chemical identity the plant henna lawsonia inermis, family lythraceae is a shrub that is naturally grown or cultivated from northeast africa to india. Lawsonia inermis henna extract is an extract of the dried flowers, fruit and leaves of thehenna, lawsonia inermis. The traditional medicinal methods, especially the use of medicinal plants, still play a vital role to cover the basic health needs in the developing countries. The specific epithet inermis means unarmed or without spines orwa et al. The screening of antibacterial activity of traditionally used medicinal plant lawsonia inermis leaves in different extracts such as ethanol, chloroform, methanol. An orangered dye is made by crushing the leaves and younger shoots. However, a common thread, indicating similar uses by diverse cultural groups, is evident in many cases. Historically, henna has been used for severe diarrhea caused by a parasite amoebic dysentery, cancer, enlarged spleen, headache, jaundice, and skin conditions. Leaves are opposite, subsessile, elliptic or broadly lanceolate, entire, acute or obtuse, 23 cm long and 12 cm wide. Uses, side effects, interactions, dosage, and warning.
It is a middlesized shrub with many branches with a height of 1. Henna is a dye prepared from the plant lawsonia inermis, also known as the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and the egyptian privet, the sole species of the genus lawsonia henna can also refer to the temporary body art resulting from the staining of the skin from the dyes see also mehndi. The use of medicinal agents presumably predates the earliest recorded history. Flowers are small, about 1 cm across, numerous, white or rose. An infusion of the leaves is mixed with tobacco and salt and. The aim of our present study is to evaluate the pharmacological action relevant to ulcer healing activity of lawsonia inermis henna leaf, a folk and ethno medicine availing in the treatment of. Lawsonia inermis lawsonia inermis health effects and herbal facts. Modern day use of henna for medicinal purposes globally, lawsonia inermis is used as traditional or folk medicine for the treatment of a wide range of seemingly unrelated ailments table 1. Known as egyptianprivet henna jamaicamignonette mignonettetree. Sccp094305 opinion on lawsonia inermis henna, c169 4 3. Henna has been used since antiquity to dye skin, hair and fingernails, as well as fabrics including. A downloadable pdf document of a book in prepublication awaiting illustration.
Henna or mehndi indian name is a traditional medicinal plant. Literature and artwork indicates that lawsonia inermis played an important holistic role in the daily lives of some ancient cultures, providing psychological. One such plant lawsonia inermis lythraceae commonly known as henna is a flowering shrub figure 1, has been widely cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of north africa, south east asia and the middle east for ornamental and medicinal purposes 2. Health benefits, side effects and active substance of henna lawsonia inermis and its therapeutic uses as a medicinal herb and as dye plant. Fresh henna samples were obtained from different regions of oman as leaves and seeds.
Lawsonia inermis, essential oil, antioxidant activity, cytotoxicity, lipid peroxidation background medicinal plants are part and parcel of human society to combat diseases, from the dawn of civilization. C department of advanced zoology and biotechnology, secnarm, loyola college, chennai34. Gastro protective activity of lawsonia inermis henna. Micropropagation of an important medicinal plant henna lawsonia inermis.
Antimicrobial activity of lawsonia inermis leaf extracts against some. The plant is reported to contain carbohydrates, proteins. Morphologically the plant is a small tree or shrub. The leaves of the henna plant have been used to dye hair for over five thousand years. The widespread survey of literature exposed that l. Henna, represents a natural material derived from powdered dried leaves of the specified plant. Review article essential perspectives of lawsonia inermis. Antidermatophytic activity of some traditionally used. Micropropagation of an important medicinal plant henna.
The use of medicinal plants as natural substitute is the paramount area of. The global demand for lawsonia inermis has increased dramatically as more sectors such as the herbal product industries. Lawsonia inermis lythraceae is a perennial plant commonly called as henna, having different vernacular names in india viz. Lawsonia inermis, traditional uses, pharmacological activities. The leaves are small, oppositely arranged, glabrous, subsessile, elliptical, and wider in the middle. It is the source of the dye henna used to dye skin, hair and fingernails, as well as fabrics including silk, wool and leather. Antibacterial activity of lawsonia inermis linn henna against pseudomonas aeruginosa. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region. Lawsonia inermis, popularly known as henna or mehndi in the oriental world, is an evergreen medium sized shrub of the family lythraceae. Phytochemical, toxicological and antimicrobial evaluation of.
Sinamomo, lawsonia inermis, henna herbal medicine an illustrated compilation of philippine medicinal plants by dr godofredo umali stuart with botanical information, chemical properties, folkloric uses and medicinal research studies. The plant is famous for its anticancer and antiinflammatory activities. Lawsonia inermis and lawsonia odorata the plant list, 20. Henna, lawsonia inermis, is a large bush or small tree native to hot, dry climates across north and east africa, the arabian peninsula, the southern areas of the middle east, and south asia. Screening of ethanol, petroleum ether and chloroform extracts of medicinal plants, lawsonia inermis l. Lawsonia inermis is useful against heat stroke and used against a headache.
Proteins, carbohydrates and fatty acid are primary metabolites along with secondary metabolite such as tannins, quinines, terpenoids. The lawsonia inermis is a multipurpose tree species, widely used for nonfood products and medicines. Lawsonia inermis extract standardized botanical extracts. Boil burningfeet circumscission dermatosis herpes hoarseness leucorrhea onychosis ophthalmia parturition rheumatism venereal. To investigate the antibacterial activity of henna lawsonia inermis linn obtained from different regions of oman against a wide array of microorganisms. Lawsonia inermis henna, mignonette tree, egyptian privet lawsonia inermis is a shrub or small tree 26 m in height, which may be spiny.
Introduction biotechnology has the potential of improving the value of medicinal plants through modern methods of. Henna herb uses and health benefits medicinal herbs guide. Free radical scavenging and reducing power of lawsonia inermis l. Besides cosmaceutical usages, the plant also harbours a welldocumented folklore history for treating convulsion, jaundice and malignant ulcers. Though the recovery is slow, the therapeutic use of medicinal plant is becoming popular because. Dont confuse henna with henna root alkanna tinctoria, also referred to as alkanna root. Lawsonia inermis from traditional use to scientific. A wellknown traditional medicinal plant dhanasree basipogu, nizamuddin basha syed abstract.
Over the centuries, paste made from the henna leaves. Lawsonia inermis henna is a member of the family of lythraceae which consists of about 500 species, extensively increase. Henna tree lawsonia inermis is a shrub or small tree, grows to the height up to 25 ft. Leaf extracts of cassia occidentalis, cassia tora, lawsonia inermis, xanthium strumarium and caesalpinia bonducella with various solvents viz. Lawsonia alba and lawsonia spinoza are misleading older names for lawsonia inermis l. The flowers have fragrance and are small in white or pinkish colour.
The use of henna as medicinal plant and also for body painting is. Henna plant seeds, lawsonia inermis, indian mehndi, medicinal herb,natural dye for hair and skin tattoo 18 seeds per order henna lawsonia inermis, also called henna tree is a flowering plant used since antiquity to dye skin, hair, fingernails, leather and wool. Henna medicinal plant uses and pictures lawsonia inermis. Lythraceae or henna, a traditional plant with religious associations, has been widely used over centuries for medication and cosmetics in some regions of the world especially in the middle east, africa and asia altufail et al. Pdf pharmacological activities of lawsonia inermis l. The leaf paste of this plant has been traditionally used for dying hair, skin and nails since antiquity.796 1402 989 848 580 282 959 1081 763 703 68 1055 1122 103 1304 1593 882 622 548 766 234 126 790 94 643 839 969 580 496 575 1030 199